The Jewish Exodus of 1947

 

In the summer of 1947 several thousands of Jewish people – mainly from eastern Europe, where they had lost their homes – started the arduous trek over the 2634 m high (8641 ft.) Krimmler Tauern Pass into Italy – to get closer to their goal of finding a new home in Palestine.

All other routes out of Austria were closed due to political pressure from Great Britain, the ruling power in Palestine.

The USA with their president Harry Truman had a different view compared to Great Britain and France whether in Palestine a state of Isreal should emerge or not … thus the way over the Krimmler Tauern Pass offered the best odds to cross the border to Italy and reach a ship in Genoa which would take them to Palestine.

Besetztes_Oesterreich

Map: Occupied Austria 1945-1955
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Austria_Occupation_Zones_1945-55.svg

Of all borders between Austria and Italy, only the appr. 10 km long part between Salzburg and South Tyrol with the Krimmler Tauern Pass was not within the influence zone of Great Britain or France.

< Click on map to enlarge

More information can be found on the APC commemorative plaques of the National Park Peace Trail and in the research of Ernst Löschner considering “Refugees 1947 and 2007“.